The downdraft carburetor has air flow downward through the venturi. The downdraft carburetor allows it to be positioned above the engine and offers space saving advantages over the updraft and side draft designs. Twin cylinder engines frequently used down draft carburetors.
The atmospheric vent is divided by the two halves of the carburetor. As a result fuel can leak in between the gasket and flow into the atmospheric vent and down into the carburetor. This also causes loss of fuel and a rich air/fuel mixture. The fuel level needs to be slightly below the bottom half of the carburetor to prevent this. Warping of the carburetor halves can also create an easier path for fuel to leak into the atmospheric vent.
D-42 - Engine Wiring Diagram Specialist
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