The atmospheric vent is divided by the two halves of the carburetor. As a result fuel can leak in between the gasket and flow into the atmospheric vent and down into the carburetor. This also causes loss of fuel and a rich air/fuel mixture. The fuel level needs to be slightly below the bottom half of the carburetor to prevent this. Warping of the carburetor halves can also create an easier path for fuel to leak into the atmospheric vent.
The Emulsion Tube/Main Jet sits below the fuel bowl. This results in the emulsion tube and main jet to constantly have fuel pressure against it. The original design relies on the mating surfaces between the carburetor body and the main jet/emulsion tube to be perfect in order to provide a seal between each other. As corrosion and age set into your carburetor, this seal is often compromised. Since fuel is always being pulled down toward the main jet area, fuel will continuously leak out causing an overly rich air/fuel mixture, and loss of fuel.
D-42 - Engine Wiring Diagram Specialist
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